St. Petersburg Moscow Information The Kremlin The Red Square, Mausoleum The Tretyakov Gallery G.U.M. Bolshoi Imperial Theatre The Novodevichy Convent Hotels Baltschug Kempinski Belgrad Cosmos Marriott Metropol Mezhdunarodnaya MPolo Presnja National Novotel SVO Radisson Rossia Savoy Sheraton Palace Ukraine Kazan Krasnodar Nizhny Novgorod Omsk Perm Samara Stavropol Ufa Veliky Novgorod Volgograd
Airlines Price Qoute
Form Russian Visas Hotel Reservation Tips while traveling
Red Square, that familiar bricked expanse in the heart of Moscow, is located just outside the Kremlin, along its eastern wall.
Think of Red Square and you'll undoubtedly recall pictures of those May Day parades, from the years when the Soviet
Military displayed its might, respectfully passing before the Soviet leadership atop Lenin's tomb. But Red Square's
history stretches back way before the Communist Soviet Union, back to the days of Czarist Russia. In the late 15th
century, people came to this square, called Torg or market square, to purchase food, livestock, or other wares.
By the late 16th century, it was renamed Trinity Square and served as the main entrance to the Kremlin.
It wasn't until 1650 that it received the name Krasnaya Ploschad, krasnaya meaning both beautiful and red.
The Red Square of today is more than 500,000 square feet of open land.
The Red Square is a place where people gather to celebrate official state events, to be photographed in front of favorite sites, or just to drink in the historic splendor.
St. Basil's Cathedral at the southern end of Red Square, sits just outside the Kremlin. The Cathedral of St. Basil the Blessed also sits just outside the Kremlin. This is perhaps one of the most familiar and glorious sites associated with Moscow and the Kremlin. In 1552, Czar Ivan IV, known as Ivan the Terrible, commissioned two Russian architects to build a magnificent cathedral in celebration of the Russian victory over the Tartars. The architects clustered together eight individual churches, each with its own cupola or dome, around one central belfry to create this cathedral. Each church was dedicated to the saint on whose feast day the eight major victories over the Tartars were won. Today, St. Basil's is part of the State Historical Museum.
The Red Square and Mausoleum
The Red Square and Mausoleum's interior is undergoing restoration. Luckily, its spectacular exterior is there for all to see.